Evidence Types


By now, hopefully, you're getting to know the article you chose to analyze for the Argument Analysis fairly well. You know the claim, the audience, the major reasons, etc. Now it's time to look again at the evidence.

Step 1

Go back through your chosen article and make a new argument structure map identifying the claim, reasons, and evidence anew—you may be surprised how much easier it is this time around.

Step 2

For each piece of evidence you identify, determine what kind of evidence it is. The textbook identifies many kinds in chapters 8 and 9.

Step 3

Now review what the textbook has to say about the strengths and weaknesses of each type of evidence you've identified, and determine whether your author has used them in such a way as to capitalize on their strengths or succumb to their weaknesses. Write a few sentences for each piece of evidence explaining how well you think the author has used it.

PRO-TIP: Be on the lookout for descriptive assumptions! This is when the evidence doesn't actually support the claim or reason it's meant to. For example, I might argue that you should never eat at the Applebee's in town because I had a bad experience there one time. But does my evidence—that I had a bad experience once—really prove that you shouldn't go there?

Turn It In

This assignment should be uploaded to your Submitted folder on Dropbox by classtime on Monday, May 20. Please follow the file-naming and format guidelines.